Late Language Emergence
Late language emergence, more commonly known as late talker, occurs when there is a delay in onset of language and the child has no other disabilities or delays. There doesn’t appear to be a cause.
About 10-20% of 2-year-olds are considered a late talker.
Risks Factors For Late Language Emergence
Risk factors DON’T mean that a child will have late language emergence. Risk factors are NOT causes.
Common Risk Factors:
- Delayed motor development
- Low birth weight/premature birth
- Family history of late talkers
- Mother’s level of education
- Lower SES status
To combat these risk factors (there are always things you can do to help) you can try:
- Receive good pre- and post- natal care
- Expose a child to vocabulary, grammar, and varied social situations
- Create responsive learning environments
- READ, READ, READ with your child
- Create structured and unstructured play opportunities (both are equally important)
- Enroll in speech therapy if needed
- Create alternative communication systems such as use of visuals, sign language, and/or gestures
What does a late talker look like?
Contrary to popular belief, being a late talker is more than not just saying words.
A child who is a late talker or has late language emergence may have any of the following characteristics:
- Delayed vocabulary acquisition: fewer than 50 words by 24 months of age
- No 2-word combinations by 24 months of age
- Decreased use of gestures
- Slow development of sentence structure
- Use of shorter mean length of utterance (MLU)
- Delayed articulation development
- Difficulty with language comprehension
- Immature phonological development
Will my child just catch up?
This is a loaded question that is difficult to answer. Many parents wonder, is my child a late talker or is my child just a late bloomer?
Some quick tips:
- Usually, late bloomers use more gestures to communicate in the absences of expressive language
- Late bloomers rarely have any delays in language comprehension
If you want more detailed information on this topic, please refer to our late bloomer page.
I live in a bilingual home and I am raising my children to be bilingual. I also had a son with late language emergence. So, I GET IT! Read about updates on my family here.
If your child is bilingual, the one take-home message I want you to remember is being bilingual DOES NOT CAUSE A CHILD TO BE A LATE TALKER, EVER! Read more about being a late talker and bilingual here!
So PLEASE don’t use only one language. Being bilingual will HELP!
- For more information on being a late talker and bilingual, click here.
- For tips raising a bilingual child, click here.
- To learn the basics on bilingualism and children, click here
Late Language Emergence Evaluation
To confirm if a child is a late talker, you need to schedule an evaluation.
To learn what an evaluation for a late talker looks like and what to expect, click here: Late Talker Evaluation page.
Late Talker Therapy Techniques
Many parents wonder what a speech-language pathologist can do when their child isn’t even talking yet. The answer is... well quite a lot.
Click on our late talker therapy page to learn about all the research-based therapy techniques out there today!
Late Talker Home Strategies
Late talker therapy LOOKS a lot like play since most of the work happens during play. However, ask any speech language pathologist, it is much harder than it looks! It takes a lot of attention and skill to know how to:
- engage children while letting them lead the play
- naturally modify the environment
- speak in a simple yet purposeful way
- expand play
- map words on to play routines
- expand utterances
- the list goes on!
There is a lot to learn and this can be overwhelming to parents.
To help elevate this stress, I created some parent friendly handouts that can be used as part of a home therapy program that helps them learn the techniques they need for their individual child!
Read more here!
What you can do today!
Now, we are getting to the good stuff. What can you do about it!
There is actually A LOT you can do.
- First, read this page right now and then come back. You must learn how to talk to your child.
- Second, read this page. You must learn how to play with your toddler.
- Third, learn all about language modeling! It is KEY!!
Okay, now you are ready for the games.
- Check out our favorite late talker games
- Consider our eBooks series!!! These will TRULY help!!! Toddler Talk 2.0 is for children who are only saying a few words. START HERE. You will learn how to encourage those first words.
- If your child is saying over 50 words, consider Toddler Talking 2.0. It is the boost your child needs!
For EVEN MORE IDEAS: